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when to hyphenate nouns

Hyphens | Punctuation Rules
To check whether a compound noun is two words, one word, or hyphenated, you may need to look it up in the dictionary. If you can't find the word in the .
http://www.grammarbook.com/punctuation/hyphens.asp

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Compound Words
When compounded modifiers precede a noun, they are often hyphenated: part- time teacher, fifty-yard-wide field, fire-resistant curtains, high-speed chase. When .
http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/compounds.htm


When do you need to use a hyphen for compound words?
In a temporary compound that is used as an adjective before a noun, use a hyphen if the term can be misread or if the term expresses a single thought (i.e., .
http://www.apastyle.org/learn/faqs/when-use-hyphen.aspx


hyphenation
When both words modify the same noun, they are not hyphenated. A “light-green suitcase” is pale in color, but a “light green suitcase” is not heavy. In the latter .
http://public.wsu.edu/~brians/errors/hyphenation.html

Compounds and Hyphenation
Dec 1, 2011 . 1.2 Hyphenate nouns normally written as two words, when they are preceded by a modifier which might create an ambiguity ( "letter writers" but .
http://canada.justice.gc.ca/eng/dept-min/pub/legis/n4.html

The Chicago Manual of Style Online: Hyphenation Table
seven years old eighteen years of age. Hyphenated in both noun and adjective forms (except as in the last two examples); note the space after the first hyphen in .
http://net.educause.edu/elements/attachments/educause/pdf/ch07_tab01.pdf

Foreign National when to hyphenate nouns Resource (FNTR)

Hyphen
[2] Fractions: hyphenate in noun, adjective, and adverb forms except when the second element is already hyphenated one-half three-quarters. Exception: When .
http://www.punctuationmadesimple.com/PMSHyphen.html

What are five hyphenated nouns
What are five hyphenated nouns? In: Pronouns, Dashes Hyphens and Slashes [ Edit categories]. Answer: mayor- elect pro- labor passer- by court- martial .
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_five_hyphenated_nouns

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Pity the poor hyphen - School of Journalism and Mass ...
Hyphenate adjective-noun modifiers, especially where the adjective is a number (five-mile walk, middle-class lifestyle, 12-step program) and noun-participle .
http://www.jour.sc.edu/news/csj/CSJApr08.html



FORMER UCB students and scholars:

Compound Words: When to Hyphenate
The other time we must use hyphenation is to join a word to a past participle to create a single adjective preceding the noun it modifies: "a well-intentioned plan," .
http://www.getitwriteonline.com/archive/042703CompWdsHyph.htm



Hyphenation in Compound Nouns
I was reading the jacket copy for Garner's Modern American Usage, the successor to the similarly titled classic reference work by H.W. Fowler, .
http://www.dailywritingtips.com/hyphenation-in-compound-nouns/



Hyphenated Words: A Guide - CitySlide.
n Two or more adjectives before a noun that act as one idea (one-thought adjectives) are connected with a hyphen. Examples: This is a low-budget job.
http://www.grammarmudge.cityslide.com/articles/article/426348/2805.htm

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  • Hyphens in compound nouns
    Use a Hyphen to Eliminate Ambiguity. There are no specific rules on forming compound nouns. For example, 'Ink-well' can be also be written 'ink well' or .
    http://www.grammar-monster.com/lessons/hyphens_in_compound_nouns.htm

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  • Hyphen - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    When an object is compounded with a verbal noun, . tool that beats eggs), the result is sometimes hyphenated.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyphen

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Garbl's Editorial Style Manual: H
high- Hyphenate compound adjectives using high- before a noun: high-class studio, high-definition TV, high-impact development, high-priority project. See other .
http://home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/h.htm

Workshop:  Introduction to FNTR and California when to hyphenate nounses

Accu • Assist -- Grammar Tips & Tidbits Archive -- Hyphens
To Hyphenate or Not to Hyphenate? Part I. If you're like the rest of us, you have a terrible time trying to remember when to hyphenate compound nouns.
http://www.accu-assist.com/grammar-tips-archive/06-22-06_GrammarTip_hyphens-compound-nouns.htm

Hyphens (-) | Yahoo! Style Guide
For compound modifiers that come before a noun, use hyphens to join the parts of the compound so that readers understand your intent. Consider the difference .
http://styleguide.yahoo.com/editing/punctuate-proficiently/hyphens

Hyphen Rules: Don't Let Misused Hyphens Muddle Your Adjectives ...
Mar 16, 2008 . Since these adjectives come before the noun and work together to describe the noun, it's necessary to place a hyphen between them.
http://www.writersrelief.com/blog/2008/03/hyphen-rules-dont-let-misused-hyphens-muddle-your-adjectives-or-your-writing/

  • Hyphens | Style for Students Online
    The Hyphen's Function. Fundamentally, the hyphen is a joiner. It joins: two nouns to make one complete word (kilogram-meter);; an adjective and a noun to .
    https://www.e-education.psu.edu/styleforstudents/c2_p2.html

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Compound modifier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Attributive compounds – modifiers within the noun phrase – are typically hyphenated, whereas the same compound used as a predicate will typically not be.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compound_modifier

7 Types of Hyphenation That May Seem Wrong But Aren't
Note that the adjective+noun combination “vice president” is open, but some other such compounds are hyphenated (vice-consul) or closed .
http://www.dailywritingtips.com/7-types-of-hyphenation-that-may-seem-wrong-but-aren%E2%80%99t/

Documents You Will Need

When a compound noun is an adjective, does it have to be ...
Jan 12, 2012 . Hyphens. Q: I've always been under the impression that when both (or all) of the words in a compound modifier are nouns, it is seen as not .
http://styleguide.yahoo.com/ask/hyphens/when-compound-noun-adjective-does-it-have-be-hyphenated

Unraveling Adjective-Noun Strings, Reducing ... - Designsensory
Another technique for unraveling adjective-noun strings is to hyphenate chunks in the strings to show better modification: "Oil bearing shale deposits" becomes .
http://www.designsensory.com/pws/lesson5/

  • Hyphenation - Marywood University
    Do not hyphenate compounds preceding or following a noun where the hyphen would be placed after a word ending in ly: highly regarded scholar; ridiculously .
    http://www.marywood.edu/marketing/brand/editorial-guide/hyphenation.html

  • A Yes-and-No Answer About Hyphenating Phrases
    Take, for instance, phrases of several words in which hyphenation . No hyphens are necessary — unless the phrase precedes a noun: “I rely .
    http://www.dailywritingtips.com/a-yes-and-no-answer-about-hyphenating-phrases/

  • Essay Info :: style guide : hyphen
    Do not hyphenate most compound nouns - two or more words that work together as a noun: Pilot testing is scheduled to begin in May. But consult this style .
    http://essayinfo.com/sguides/hyphen.php

Chicago Style Q&A: Hyphens, En Dashes, Em Dashes
Q. I have a question about the use of a hyphen in a compound modifier after a noun if a form of the verb “to be” is used. For example, “He is a well-known man” is .
http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/CMS_FAQ/HyphensEnDashesEmDashes/HyphensEnDashesEmDashes_questions01.html

English compound - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1.1 Types of compound nouns; 1.2 Analyzability (transparency); 1.3 Sound patterns. 2 Compound modifiers. 2.1 Solid compound modifiers; 2.2 Hyphenated .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_compound

when to hyphenate nouns Resources

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Hyphenating Between Words - Grammar & Punctuation | The Blue ...
Aug 17, 2010 . Only compound adjectives–adjectives that act as one idea with other adjectives– get hyphenated in front of nouns. Example: The crowd threw .
http://data.grammarbook.com/blog/hyphens/hyphenating-between-words/